Just immigration policies support individuals when they leave countries and conditions that endanger their lives or deprive them of opportunities for health. These include policies that protect families from being separated, reduce fear in communities, protect individuals’ livelihoods, and facilitate access to quality, health-affirming services.
Disparities and Statistics
Race and Ethnicity: In 2014, 48% of foreign-born individuals reported their race as white, 26% as Asian, 9% as black, and 15% as some other race; more than 2% reported having two or more races. In the same year, 46% of immigrants reported having Hispanic or Latinx origins.¹
Socioeconomic Status: In 2016, there were 27 million foreign-born people in the U.S. labor force. The median usual weekly earnings of foreign-born full-time wage and salary workers were 83.1% of the earnings of their United States-born counterparts. Among men, median weekly earnings for the foreign-born ($751) were 79% of the earnings of those born in the United States. Median earnings for foreign-born women ($655) were 86% of the earnings of their United States-born counterparts.²
Health: There are currently approximately 11 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S. who do not have access to quality healthcare due to high costs and policies that restrict them from obtaining federally funded insurance (Medicare and Medicaid). Other barriers, such as a lack of transportation and limited healthcare capacity (lack of translation services and cultural competency) also prevent immigrants from receiving needed care. The threat of deportation prevents many individuals from signing up for services that they may qualify for.³ It also prevents parents in mixed-status families from accessing services for their American-born children.⁴
For more information regarding immigration, deportations, and current reform efforts, check out the following toolkit.⁵