Posts tagged SODH
JUST IMMIGRATION CLIMATE

JUST IMMIGRATION CLIMATE

Just immigration policies support individuals when they leave countries and conditions that endanger their lives or deprive them of opportunities for health. These include policies that protect families from being separated, reduce fear in communities, protect individuals’ livelihoods, and facilitate access to quality, health-affirming services.

DISPARITIES AND STATISTICS

  • Race and Ethnicity: In 2014, 48% of foreign-born individuals reported their race as white, 26% as Asian, 9% as black, and 15% as some other race; more than 2% reported having two or more races. In the same year, 46% of immigrants reported having Hispanic or Latinx origins.1

  • Socioeconomic Status: In 2016, there were 27 million foreign-born people in the U.S. labor force. The median usual weekly earnings of foreign-born full-time wage and salary workers were 83.1% of the earnings of their United States-born counterparts. Among men, median weekly earnings for the foreign-born ($751) were 79% of the earnings of those born in the United States. Median earnings for foreign-born women ($655) were 86% of the earnings of their United States-born counterparts. 2

  • Health: There are currently approximately 11 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S. who do not have access to quality healthcare due to high costs and policies that restrict them from obtaining federally funded insurance (Medicare and Medicaid). Other barriers, such as a lack of transportation and limited healthcare capacity (lack of translation services and cultural competency) also prevent immigrants from receiving needed care. The threat of deportation prevents many individuals from signing up for services that they may qualify for.3 It also prevents parents in mixed-status families from accessing services for their American-born children.4

  • For more information regarding immigration, deportations, and current reform efforts, check out the following toolkit.5

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Aishah AbdalaSODH
HEALTH CARE ACCESS

HEALTH CARE ACCESS

An equitable health care system provides universal access to high quality, affordable, and culturally appropriate clinical care that is responsive to the social conditions that influence an individual’s health. Access to health care empowers individuals to actively engage in preventive and health-promoting activities and provides a safety net in the unfortunate event of major health crises.

DISPARITIES AND STATISTICS

  • Race and Ethnicity: In 2016, non-Hispanic Whites had the lowest uninsured rate among other racial and Hispanic origin groups at 6.3%. The uninsured rates for Blacks and Asians were higher than for non-Hispanic Whites, at 10.5% and 7.6%, respectively. Hispanics had the highest uninsured rate, at 16.0%.6 Since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, decreases in the uninsured rate were larger among communities of color compared to Whites, which helped narrow disparities in coverage.7

  • Socioeconomic Status: In 2016, 27.5 million nonelderly people lacked health insurance. Overall, an estimated 53% of this population is eligible for financial assistance for coverage. This includes one in four who are eligible for Medicaid. However, eligibility for financial assistance for coverage among the uninsured varies substantially across racial and ethnic groups.7

Health: Although the ACA coverage expansions have helped narrow disparities in health coverage for people of color, disparities persist. Hispanics adults and children, in particular, remain at higher risk of being uninsured. These ongoing coverage disparities contribute to greater barriers to accessing care and a greater risk of unaffordable medical bills that could lead to medical debt and financial instability.7

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Antonio LewisSODH