Transportation Access

Community availability and access to safe, reliable and affordable modes of transportation including public transit, walking, and biking is critical to give residents the opportunity to move around freely. Access to transportation is critical to promoting health as it connects individuals to more resources such as employment opportunities, schools, healthcare services, and parks and recreational spaces. Survey in Texas found that 38% of whites, 55% of African Americans, and 0% of Hispanics identified lack of access to a vehicle as barrier to healthcare.(2) African-Americans that live in rural areas have lower rates of cervical and cholesterol screenings due to lack of transportation than their African American counterparts living in urban neighborhoods.(3) Rural, low income, communities often experience difficulty in obtaining a reliable source of public transportation than urban populations due to limited availability.(1)

  1. Syed ST, Gerber BS, Sharp LK. Traveling Towards Disease: Transportation Barriers to Health Care Access.
    J Community Health. 2013;38(5):976-993. doi:10.1007/s10900-013-9681-1.
  2. Guidry JJ, Aday LA, Zhang D, Winn RJ.
    Transportation as a Barrier to Cancer Treatment. Cancer Pract. 1997;5(6):361-366.
  3. Caldwell JT, Ford CL, Wallace SP, Wang MC, Takahashi LM.
    Intersection of Living in a Rural Versus Urban Area and Race/Ethnicity in Explaining Access to Health Care in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2016;106(8):1463-1469. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303212.