Community Safety

Community Safety refers to the community components besides housing and transportation to incorporate complete streets, sidewalks, marked crossings, public utilities, and community gathering spaces. Good maintenance of functioning community infrastructure plays a critical part in promoting health as it encourages community residents to feel safe engaging with the active environment of their community. Nearly half of all blacks live in poor neighborhoods, compared with only one in ten whites.(1) Streets with street and/or sidewalk lighting are significantly more common in high-income areas (75%) than in middle-income (54%) or low-income communities (51%).(2) Streets with sidewalks on one or both sides of the street are significantly more common in high-income areas (89%) than in mid Streets with traffic calming features are significantly more common in higher-income areas (8%) than in middle-income (4%) or low-income communities (3%). Streets with marked crosswalks are significantly more common in high-income areas (13%) than in middle-income (8%) or low-income communities (7%). Poor infrastructure development and upkeep of poor neighborhoods has kept their disabled community members from being able to engage actively with their community.

  1. Cubbin C, Pedregon V, Egerter S, Braveman. Where We Live Matters for Our Health: Neighborhoods and Health.
    http://www.commissiononhealth.org/PDF/888f4a18-eb90-45be-a2f8-159e84a55a4c/Issue%20Brief%203%20Sept%2008%20-%20Neighborhoods%20and%20Health.pdf. Accessed June 20, 2017.
  2. Gibbs K, Slater S, Nicholson N, Barker D, Chaloupka F. Income Disparities in Street Features that Encourage Walking Research Brief March 2012.
    http://studylib.net/doc/11403985/income-disparities-in-street-features-that-encourage-walk… Published May 12, 2017. Accessed May 12, 2017.