Availability of and access to safe, reliable and affordable modes of transportation including public transit, walking, and biking, which gives residents the opportunity to move around freely. Access to transportation is critical to promoting health as it connects individuals to resources such as employment opportunities, schools, healthcare services, and parks and recreational spaces.
- In Texas, 38% of whites, 55% of African Americans, and 60% of Hispanics identified lack of access to a vehicle as barrier to healthcare.¹
Connection Across Determinants
Access to Healthcare:
- African-Americans that live in rural areas have lower rates of cervical and cholesterol screenings due to lack of transportation than their African American counterparts living in urban neighborhoods.²
- Guidry JJ, Aday LA, Zhang D, Winn RJ. Transportation as a Barrier to Cancer Treatment. Cancer Pract. 1997;5(6):361-366.
- Caldwell JT, Ford CL, Wallace SP, Wang MC, Takahashi LM. Intersection of Living in a Rural Versus Urban Area and Race/Ethnicity in Explaining Access to Health Care in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2016;106(8):1463-1469. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303212.