Parks & Recreational Spaces

Definition

Ample availability and access to safe, clean and green open parks and recreational spaces, that appeal to interests and activities across generations, incentivize physical activity among residents. Communities that lack the resources to support low-cost physical activity often fall into sedentariness and are more likely to experience social-emotional problems, such as depression and violence.

Disparities

  • Disparities in park distribution and park access exist across communities, particularly in predominantly low income communities and communities of color.¹
  • Low-income and non-white neighborhoods were 50% less likely to have a recreational facility than wealthier/whiter counterparts.¹

Connection Across Determinants

Immigration:  

  • Latina women are less likely to go to a park or recreational facility due to fear of deportation.²

Gender:

  • Women report less outdoor physical activity in their neighborhoods dues to issues of safety as compared to their male counterparts.³

  1. Parks and Recreation in Undeserved Areas. http://www.nrpa.org/uploadedFiles/nrpa.org/Publications_and_Research/Research/Papers/Parks-Rec-Underserved-Areas.pdf. Accessed June 20, 2017.
  2. Larsen BA, Pekmezi D, Marquez B, Benitez TJ, Marcus BH. Physical activity in Latinas: social and environmental influences. Womens Health Lond Engl. 2013;9(2). doi:10.2217/whe.13.9.
  3. Slater S, Fitzgibbon M, Floyd MF. Urban Adolescents’ Perceptions of their Neighborhood Physical Activity Environments. UICollaboratory Research Profiles. https://uic.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/urban-adolescents-perceptions-of-their-neighborhood-physical-acti. Published March 1, 2013. Accessed September 20, 2017.