Immigration Policy

Definition

Policies that support individuals in efforts to leave countries and conditions that endanger their lives or deprive them of opportunities for health. This includes policies that protect families from being torn apart, reduce fear in communities, protect individuals’ livelihoods, and provide access to quality, health supporting services.

Disparities

  • Regional sources of unauthorized immigrants include Mexico (59%), Asia (11%), Central America (11%), South America (7%), the Caribbean (4%) and the Middle East (less than 2%).¹

Connection Across Determinants

Access to Healthcare:

  • There are currently 11 million undocumented immigrants in the U.S. who do not have access to quality healthcare due to high costs and policies that restrict them from obtaining federally funded insurance (Medicare and Medicaid).
  • Other barriers, such as a lack of transportation and limited healthcare capacity (lack of translation services and cultural competency) also prevent immigrants from receiving needed care.²
  • The threat of deportation prevents many individuals from signing up for services that they may qualify for. It also prevents parents in mixed-status families from accessing services for their American-born children.²

  1. Passel J, Cohn. A Portrait of Unauthorized Immigrants in the United States. http://immigration.procon.org/sourcefiles/pew-portrait-of-unauthorized-immigrants-2009.pdf. Accessed June 21, 2017. 
  2. Hacker K, Anies M, Folb BL, Zallman L. Barriers to health care for undocumented immigrants: a literature review. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2015;8:175-183. doi:10.2147/RMHP.S70173.