Educational Equity

Definition

Access to high quality education and literacy development for all ages that effectively serves all learners and backgrounds. Educational equity plays an imperative role in promoting health as it lays the foundation for upward mobility through greater employment opportunities, and encourages health literacy.

Disparities

  • Approximately 36% of whites hold a Bachelor’s degree compared to only 23% of blacks and 15% of Hispanics.¹
  • Native-Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, American Indian, and Native-Alaskan kindergarten students are held back a year at nearly twice the rate of white kindergarten students.
  • Black children make up only 18% of preschool enrollment, but represent 48% of preschoolers suspended more than once.²
  • Black, Latino, American Indian and Native-Alaskan students attend schools with higher concentrations of first-year teachers at a higher rate (3 to 4%) than white students (1%).³
  • Nearly 7% of the nation’s black students – totaling over half a million students – attend schools where 80% of teachers or fewer meet teaching certification requirements.

Connection Across Determinants

Immigration:

  • Undocumented undergraduates represent 55 different countries of origin.⁴
  • Approximately 75% reported experiencing high level of anxiety due to fear of deportation.
  • Seventy-four percent reported stopping or dropping out of school due to financial difficulties.

Sexuality:

  • In 2012, LGBT youth were twice as likely to experience verbal harassment, exclusion and physical attacks at school as their non-LGBT peers.⁵

Disability:

  • Students with disabilities represent 12% of the student population, but 58% of those placed in seclusion or involuntary confinement, and 75% of those physically restrained at school to immobilize them or reduce their ability to move freely.²
  • Students with disabilities are more than twice as likely to receive an out-of-school suspension (13%) than students without disabilities (6%).

Gender:

  • While boys receive more than two out of three suspensions, black girls are suspended at higher rates (12%) than girls of any other race or ethnicity and most boys.²
  • Native-Alaskan girls (7%) are suspended at higher rates than white boys (6%) or girls (2%).

  1. Demographic trends and economic well-being. June 2016. http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/06/27/1-demographic-trends-and-economic-well-being/. Accessed June 20, 2017.
  2. Data Snapchat: School Discipline. Civil Rights Data Collection. http://www.thenation.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/crdc-discipline-snapshot.pdf. Published March 2014. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  3. Data Snapshot: Teacher Equity. http://www.thenation.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/crdc-teacher-equity-snapshot.pdf. Published March 2014. Accessed June 30, 2017.
  4. Teranishi R, Suarez-Orozco C, Suarez-Orozco. In the Shadows of the Ivory Tower: Undocumented Undergraduates and the Liminal State of Immigration Reform. http://www.undocuscholars.org/assets/undocuscholarsreport2015.pdf. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  5. Peters S. All LGBT Youth Deserve Fairness and Equality at School. Human Rights Campaign. http://www.hrc.org/blog/lgbt-youth-deserve-fairness-and-equality-at-school/. Accessed June 30, 2017.