Economic Justice


  1. Economic Justice refers to the availability of safe, reliable, high quality employment opportunities that provide living wages and salaries. It also includes equitable opportunities for asset ownership, including homes and businesses, and the equitable distribution of wealth, resources, and taxation policies. Economic justice promotes health by creating opportunities for economic security and allowing for the purchase of health promoting goods and services, including health insurance, higher education, and housing.


  • In 2014, about 26% of Blacks and 23% of Hispanics were living in poverty compared to 10% of Whites.¹
  • The Census Bureau reports that, on average, Blacks earn $33,321 and Hispanics earn $39,005, while whites earn $57,009.
  • Only 60% of Americans believe that Whites are treated equally in the workplace.

Connection Across Determinants


  • Asian and white women earn $18 and $17 dollars per hour, respectively, while black and Hispanic women earn only $13 and $12, respectively.²


  • Workers with a disability earn 37% less than their able-bodied counterparts.²


  • There is a 17% difference in wages between documented and undocumented workers.³


  • Gay and bisexual men earn 10-32% less than similarly qualified heterosexual men.⁴

  1. Demographic trends and economic well-being. June 2016. Accessed June 20, 2017.
  2. lbogle. Those with Disabilities Earn 37% Less on Average; Gap is Even Wider in Some States. American Institutes for Research. Published December 14, 2014. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  3. Hall M, Greenman E, Farkas G. Legal Status and Wage Disparities for Mexican Immigrants. Soc Forces Sci Medium Soc Study Interpret. 2010;89(2):491-513. doi:10.1353/sof.2010.0082.
  4. Badgett MV, Lau H, Sears B, Ho D. Bias in the Workplace: Consistent Evidence of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination. Published June 2007. Accessed June 30, 2017.