Economic Justice

Economic Justice refers to the availability of safe, reliable, high quality employment opportunities with living wages and salaries, equitable opportunity to ownership of assets such as homes and businesses, and the equitable distribution of wealth, resources, and taxation policies. Economic justice is critical to promoting health as it ensures greater access to opportunities advancing economic security and power to afford health promoting goods and services as health insurance, higher education, healthier foods, and housing. In 2014, about 26% of Blacks and 23% of Hispanics were living in poverty compared to 10% of Whites.(1) The Census Bureau reports that Blacks earn $33, 321 and Hispanics earn $39,005 while white earn $57,009. Only 60% of Americans believe that Whites are treated equally in the workplace. Asian and white women earn $18 and $17 dollars while black and Hispanic women only earn $13 and $12. Workers with a disability earn 37% less.(2) There is a 17% difference in wages between documented and undocumented workers.(3) Gay and bisexual men earn 10 percent to 32 percent less than similarly qualified heterosexual men.(4)

  1. Demographic trends and economic well-being. June 2016. Accessed June 20, 2017.
  2. lbogle. Those with Disabilities Earn 37% Less on Average; Gap is Even Wider in Some States.
    American Institutes for Research. Published December 14, 2014. Accessed June 21, 2017.
  3. Hall M, Greenman E, Farkas G. Legal Status and Wage Disparities for Mexican Immigrants.
    Soc Forces Sci Medium Soc Study Interpret. 2010;89(2):491-513. doi:10.1353/sof.2010.0082.
  4. Badgett MV, Lau H, Sears B, Ho D. Bias in the Workplace: Consistent Evidence of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination. Published June 2007. Accessed June 30, 2017.